11535 CATANIA ANTICA AN IMAGINARY TOPOGRAPHICAL VIEW OF ANCIENT CATANIA BASED ON THE CRONACA DI OROFONE Probably Sicilian. Second Half of the Seventeenth Century. Measurements: Framed: Width: 45″ (114.3 cm); Height: 35 1/8″ (89.2 cm). Sight Size: Width 38″ (96.5 cm); Height: 28 3/8″ (72 cm).
Oil on canvas.
The ancient port city of Catania sits on the eastern coast of Sicily, below Mount Etna. Originally called Katane by the Greeks, who founded it toward the end of the 8th century B.C., it was dominated by the Romans during the First Punic War (3rd century B.C.) and flourished as an “extremely wealthy” city during this period. The town was destroyed no fewer than seven times throughout the centuries as a result of volcanic eruptions, the most notable occurring in 1669, and catastrophic earthquakes, particularly those of 1169 and 1693.
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