11570

A PAIR OF NEOCLASSICAL OAK BENCHES WITH WELL CARVED MONOPODIAE SUPPORTS

Possibly French. Second Quarter Of The Nineteenth Century.

Measurements

Width: 43 1/4" (109.8 cm); Height including cushion: 20 3/4" (52.7 cm); Depth: 16 3/8" (41.5 cm).

Research
Of oak. Each with rectangular seat with molded edge supported by trestle ends carved with outward facing winged lions seated on a stepped plinth base, joined by a turned and carved stretcher. Probably originally with square shallow pad feet.

These well modeled, small-scale but powerful benches are closely related to monopodiae supported items from the ancient Roman world, recalling the form of a cartibulum, an oblong marble table that would stand in the atrium of a Roman home to display objects of worth. The supports of the table, or trapezophori, were often carved as two griffin or chimerical monopodiae, standing back to back, with ornate grotesque or foliate relief between them, as seen in a pair of addorsed griffin table ends in the Vatican Museum collection (figure 1).

The benches reflect the “archaeological” fashion introduced in France towards the end of the 18th century. The French monarchal change from republic to empire ushered the simultaneous shift from the decorative influence of ancient Greece to that of ancient Rome. The “French version of antiquity” was “architectural and volumetric, founded largely on antique stone artifacts”1 leading to a tendency for heavier models, a substantiveness achieved in part by the use of weighty monopodal bases. The style was popularized and well-circulated by publications like Charles Heathcote Tatham’s 1799 collection of drawings, Etchings of Ancient Ornamental Architecture Drawn from Originals in Rome, which contained examples delineating leonine supports of ancient sarcophagi.

Full research report available on request.

Full research report available on request.