Berlin. Nineteenth Century.


Height: 83.4” (212 cm); Plinth: Height: 21.4” (54.5 cm); Width: 23.2” (59 cm); Depth:18.7” (47.5 cm).

Of stucco, on a square plinth.

Signed on back on plinth:

Ch Rauch Fec   
Gebruder Micheli Berlin

Christian Daniel Rauch (1777-1857) was the pre-eminent German sculptor of the nineteenth century (figure 1) and an associate of Antonio Canova and Bertel Thorvaldsen, both of whom he met whilst undertaking his training in Rome in the 1810s. Throughout the entirety of his career he received sustained support and patronage from German royalty, especially from the kings of Prussia and Bavaria who both encouraged him to collaborate with their court architects, Karl Friedrich Schinkel (1781-1841) and Leo von Klenze (1784-1864,) respectively.

The present plaster cast is a copy of a figure conceived as part of one of the collaborations with von Klenze, undertaken in 1835, an elaborate architectural and sculptural monument commemorating the reign of Maximilian I Joseph of Bavaria (1756-1825), which remains outside the Residenz in Munich to this day (figure 2).1 The figure is a female personification of the Bavarian nation, and appeared on the plinth of the monument; while her clothing is Neoclassical, her hairstyle is presented in a traditionally Bavarian fashion. In a symbol of the agricultural productiveness of the kingdom, she rests on a ploughshare, the cutting edge used on a plough (figure 3). This figure was designed as a partner to another female figure situated on the other side of the plinth, Felicitas Publica or Public Happiness, who bears a cornucopia, a symbol of plenty (figure 4).2

Full research report available on request.

Full research report available on request.