11312

A PAIR OF WELL DRAWN FIGURED VENEER AND SOLID WALNUT EARLY GEORGE I SIDE CHAIRS

English. Circa 1720.

Measurements

Height: 38 3/4" (98.4 cm) Width: 21" (53.3 cm) Depth: 21 1/2" (53.9 cm) .

Research
Of solid and figured veneered walnut. Each with hoop back splat and restored volutes adjoining to veneered cross banded shaped outer rails. The drop in seat within a shaped cross banded frieze. The front legs of cabriole form with shell carved knees and terminating in a plain toe resting on a conforming pad. The back legs of graceful outswept form. Minor old repairs.

Marks:
Seat rails struck ‘III‘ and ‘IIII’

Provenance:
US Collection

The present pair of chairs is representative of English furniture design of the early George I period,  an extension of the forms that evolved under Queen Anne, whose reign ended in 1714. While the scrolling, found here in the middle of the back splat, and pad feet and were features that carried over, Georgian refinements to the earlier models include the solid “hoop back splat,” rounded seats, and wider solid legs that eliminated the need for stretchers.1 Additionally, considerable inlay or other ornamentation was eschewed in favor of a single carved motif; in the case of the present chairs, the scallop shell and husk carving on the knees. A related chair from Manor House, the home of Sir Henry Bunbury of Mildenhall, Suffolk is illustrated in The English Chair by M. Harris, 1946, Plate 26b (figure 1).

Early Georgian furniture belonged to the age of walnut; high quality pieces like the present chairs employed solid walnut along with veneers. The decorative features and fine figuring of the wood was emphasized by cabinetmakers. Burr and root timbers produced particularly decorative patterns and the hoop back form presented several flat surfaces on which to showcase the material.

Full research report available on request.

Full research report available on request.