9985

THE KING STANISLAS VASES, AN IMPORTANT PAIR OF PAINTED AND GILDED, AND GILT FORGED IRON VASES

Nancy. Circa 1755.

Measurements

Height: 53" (134.6 cm)
Width: 33 1/2" (85.1 cm)
Depth: 15" (38 cm)

Research
Of painted forged iron with gilding and black paint below present and old decoration. Each vase flanked by the scrolling rocaille handles, the body with further applied gilt rocaille decoration, the whole raised on a similarly designed spreading base. A bouquet of various gilt flowers and foliage issuing from the mouth of each vase. Some local repairs to weather penetration. Painted decoration on one vase restored due to weathering.  Old possible replacements to flowers. Rivets replaced by screws.

Provenance:
An Old Dallas, Texas Collection

The present pair of vases comprised two out of the eight original models that crowned the wrought iron gates of four entrances to the Place Stanislas in Nancy, France (figure 1), now a World Heritage site, designed by the preeminent 18th century iron worker and designer Jean Lamour, and constructed between 1752 and 1755.

Another pair of vases from the original set on the gates of Place Stanislas is conserved today in the Musée Lorrain, Nancy (figure 2), which were deposited in the museum by the city on February 13, 1911.

In 1704, Stanislas Leszczyński (1677-1766) was elected King of Poland after the successful invasion of the country by Sweden, leading to his selection by Charles XII of Sweden to supersede Augustus II. However, he was forced to abdicate in 1710 when Augustus II was placed back on the Polish throne through the intervention of Russia and Austria. Stanislas refused to relinquish his title, however, creating the unusual situation whereby there were two kings of Poland. When Charles XII died, Stanislas sought refuge in Zweibrücken and then Alsace. In 1725 his daughter Maria became queen consort to Louis XV of France, and Stanislas resided at the Château de Chambord, along with his wife, Catherine Opalinska, until 1733.

The king of France supported his father-in-law’s claims to the Polish throne and, upon the death of Augustus in 1733, Stanislas traveled back to Poland in disguise and presented himself at the Convocation Diet in Warsaw where he was elected King of Poland once more. The victory was short-lived, however, when his reinstatement sparked the War of the Polish Succession. As a result of this conflict, Augustus III was placed on the Polish throne and Stanislas was given the Duchy of Lorraine and Bar as recompense, where he reigned from 1737 until his death in 1766.

It was as a result of this that Nancy was elevated to a residential capital city with its own princely court.

Full research report available on request.

Full research report available on request.